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PTK English

CONTEXTUAL LEARNING IN PAKEM ATHMOSPHERE ON ENGLISH CLASSROOM TEACHING
CHAPTER I INTRODUCTION
A. Background of the Problem English is one of the international languages that is used by many people in the world and in many areas of everyday life. Therefore, using English is the easiest way to communicate with people from other countries about many aspects in human life such as technology, economy, social, and politics. For Indonesia, English is a foreign language. Learning a foreign language is an integrated process that the learner should study the four basic skills: listening, speaking, reading, and writing. We use it to understand our world through listening and reading and to communicate our feeling, need, and desires through speaking and writing. By having more knowledge about language skill we have much better chance of understanding and being understood and getting what we want and need from these around us. Writing is one of four basic skills. It is very important in teaching and learning English. Writing involves some language components (spelling, grammar, vocabulary, and punctuation). This is in line with what is stated by Braine and Claire May (1996:60), writing clear sentences requires you to learn the rules of English grammar and mechanics such as the correct use of verbs and pronouns, as well as commas and other marks of punctuation. There are various ways to organize the sentences in a piece of writing. One of them is recount text. Recount text is the form of text that aims at retelling events for the purpose of informing or entertaining. In the recount text, the sentences are usually organized according to time order or chronological order. One thing happens and then another thing happens, and the events are told in the same order. Based on my experiences, there are some problems found in the field when giving writing materials to the students, especially the recount text. The first problem is that the students’ writing is not comprehensible, because the content of the composition is not relevant to the topic, the ideas are not clearly stated, the ideas and sentences are not well organized. The second problem is that there are many errors in vocabulary, grammar, and spelling. Another problem is the students have low motivation and are not interested in doing the task since the writing activities are not interesting. Usually, the students are asked to write sentences and paragraphs without being given some clue so that it is difficult for them to express their ideas on a piece of paper. Besides that, the students have difficulty at telling their experience. This is because writing is difficult for them since they have to master enough vocabulary, spelling, and grammar. In reference to the explanations above and the strong desire of finding the solution of these problems, the writer has motivation to do the research in improving the teaching of writing in real class by using picture series as the instructional media. It is hoped that the media improve the students’ ability in writing, especially recount text. B. Research Problem In this research, the writer tries to describe the students’ ability in writing the recount text through using picture series. So, the problem is formulated as follows: How does the teacher use picture series to improve the students’ ability in writing the recount text of the class VIIIC students of SMPN Bati-Bati in academic year 2008/2009? C. Objective Based on the problem formulation above, the objective of the research is to find the appropriate way in using picture series to improve the students’ ability in recount text of the class VIIIC students of SMPN Bati-Bati in academic year 2008/2009. D. Significances The study is expected to have both academic and practical contributions. 1. Academically, to help teacher/researcher to find out the alternative way of teaching writing, especially recount and to produce the relevant and valid knowledge for their class to improve their teaching. 2. Practically, it can be used as a model to improve the students’ ability in writing recount text, and it may guide, help and encourage students to express their ideas, opinion, and thought onto paper. E. Scope 1. This research will be conducted\in order to find a good way to improve the students’ writing skill. 2. This research is focused on the teaching of recount text by using picture series as the instructional media. F. Operational Definition 1. Using picture series is one of the instructional media in the teaching and learning process to attract the students’ attention and deliver information. 2. Writing ability is a productive skill beside speaking, to write simple sentence, message, and announcement and to write text in the forms of narrative, recount, and descriptive, and to write simple messages and personal letters for SMP students in the first and the second years. 3. Recount text is text that tells the students’ own experiences. It can also be found in personal letter, biography, and history. G. Subject The subjects of the study are the students of class VIIIC of SMPN Bati-Bati academic year 2008/2009 which consists of 36 students. BAB II halaman berikutnya...

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ptk matematika SD

DISCUSSION ON APPLICATION OF METHOD TO INCREASE THEIR APPLICATION count LEARNING ON STUDENT ACHIEVEMENT CLASS III
PTK MATEMATIKA SD/MI
PENERAPAN METODE DISKUSI PADA PENERAPAN BERHITUNG GUNA MENINGKATKAN PRESTASI BELAJAR PADA SISWA KELAS III MI .................................... TAHUN PELAJARAN 2007 / 2008  

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cover dan lampiran
bab i - daftar pustaka

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collection of PTK

collection of PTK some of the research class action that may be required by the teachers to meet certification .. I give the data is data that I type or I take some of the printing media. for teachers who need please download and revised according to your needs.

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download theses, papers, classroom action research report, proposal, syllabus, elementary, junior, senior high school, university.